What is More Important IQ or EQ?

     Most people are familiar with a person’s IQ or Intelligence Quotient.  It is used to determine academic abilities and identify individuals with extremely high intelligence or those that have mental challenges.  Emotional Intelligence, or emotional quotient (EQ), is defined as an individual's ability to identify, evaluate, control, and express emotions.

     EQ is a skill set that’s been getting a lot of attention lately, with some experts and educators suggesting it matters more than a child’s IQ score. So, which is more important IQ or EQ?

     There have been many studies that show IQ only accounts for about 20% of a person’s success. The major determinants of success are social and emotional intelligence. In a study conducted by the Center for Creative Leadership (CCL) in the U.S. found that the primary causes of executive failure involve deficiencies in emotional competence. It found that the three main reasons for failure are difficulty in handling change, inability to work well in a team, and poor interpersonal relations.

     Egon Zehnder International analyzed 515 senior executives and discovered that those who were strongest in emotional intelligence were more likely to succeed than those strongest in either IQ or relevant previous experience.  People with high EQ’s typically make great leaders and team players because of their ability to understand, empathize, and connect with the people around them.

     When you teach children how to recognize their feelings and learn how to deal with them, you are teaching them the most important skills for their success in life. Young people with high EQ’s earn higher grades, stay in school, and make better choices.

     In conclusion, if EQ is a measure that determines a person’s success, why do our schools put very little emphasis on developing emotional intelligence. Only a handful of schools have any formal programs that address emotional intelligence.  Please check out our website if your school values student success.

Until Next Time!   Dr. G.